Since coming to power in 2006, the Harper government has aggressively pursued a "law and order" agenda, criminalizing social issues and turning the struggles of the Canadian people for their rights into law and order matters. Ever larger numbers of people, including minority, aboriginal and poor youth are targeted as criminals and terrorists under the pretext that they are a threat to the "safety and security" of Canadians, while their demands that society provide their rights with a guarantee go unheeded. This is a social problem that requires a social solution. According to the Smart Justice Network, in the last five years alone, those being remanded (held in jail because they are denied bail or cannot afford bail) until their trial, has increased 40 per cent, with many of these youth under the age of 30. Statistics Canada reports that in 2008/09, more than 52 per cent of youth in custody were held in remand. In other words, they have not been found guilty of anything, but are still imprisoned.